Thank you guys for the help. The *82 fixed the problem... although in a kind of trippy way...
Before I began, both my OBi202 and cell phone were producing restricted caller ID's. I checked the GV settings and it had Anonymous Caller ID disabled.
I then did *82 from the phone on my OBi202 device and dialed a number. I was able to view the caller ID from that devices outbound calls.
I then called the number without *82 and to my surprise, it worked, I could see the caller ID.
I then tried calling from my GV line on my cell phone and the call had a restricted caller ID.
I checked the GV settings and it now had the Anonymous Caller ID ENABLED.
I tried calling again from the OBi202 phone and it restricted the number. However, this is the first time I had hope because the GV said restricted caller ID was enabled.
I disabled restricted caller ID in GV and tried calling from the cell phone again. Caller ID was unblocked.
I then called from the phone on the OBi202 device and Caller ID was unblocked.
So thank you for the help to both of you. Sorry I wasn't able to get to SteveInWA's post since I was able to get it resolved with the *82 trick. But either way, I truly appreciate your help on this. Thanks again, Logan
EDIT: Oh, and the OBi2182 was easier because it's not paired with a cell phone. I *82'd it, then went into GV settings and disabled blocking restricted calls. That made it work. It should be noted that I checked GV settings previously (about a week ago) to confirm Restrict Caller ID was disabled, but I did not check it the day of *82'ing it. So I don't know what the base was since I went into it assuming it'd work like the OBi202 trick worked... and I was right, so I got my result, but unfortunately missed out on providing the information here to this forum for anybody that potentially runs into this issue in the future.